Millions of people are impacted by lung cancer each year, which is a major global health concern. Fortunately, improvements in medical technology have sparked the creation of cutting-edge therapeutic alternatives that give patients hope.
Lung cancer is a disease characterized by uncontrolled cell division in the lungs. Your cells naturally divide and create additional copies of themselves. However, periodically they undergo modifications (mutations) that usher them to continue creating more of themselves when they shouldn’t. The uncontrolled division of damaged cells results in tissue tumors, which eventually prevent your organs from functioning properly.
The phrase “lung cancer” refers to cancers that begin in the lungs, commonly in the alveoli or small air sacs (bronchi or bronchioles). The location of the cancer’s origin determines how it is commonly referred to (your healthcare professional may use the term “cancer that is metastatic to your lungs”).
A nation that is home to some of the best cancer specialists as well as having some of the best lung cancer hospitals is India. In India, there are many prestigious medical facilities that provide first-rate lung cancer care. Modern amenities are available at these institutions, and skilled medical professionals offer patients individualized care.
Types of Lung Cancer
Although there are other malignancies that afflict the lungs, the terms “small cell lung cancer” and “non-small cell lung cancer” are the two most common.
- NSCLC (non-small cell lung cancer): The most prevalent form of lung cancer is non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). More than 80% of cases of lung cancer are caused by it. Squamous cell cancer and adenocarcinoma are familiar varieties. Two less frequent varieties of NSCLC are adenosquamous carcinoma and sarcomatoid carcinoma.
- Small cell lung cancer (SCLC): In comparison with NSCLC, small cell lung cancer (SCLC) spreads more quickly and is more challenging to cure. A relatively small lung tumor that has already migrated to other parts of your body is how it is frequently discovered. Two specific kinds of SCLC are small cell carcinoma, commonly referred to as oat cell carcinoma, and mixed small cell carcinoma.
- Lung cancer of other forms: Other cancers, such as pleural mesothelioma (cancer in the lining of your lungs), lymphomas (cancer in your lymph nodes), sarcomas (cancer in your bones or soft tissue), and others can begin in or near your lungs.
6 Innovative Lung Cancer Treatment Options
Exploring six groundbreaking lung cancer treatment options that are revolutionizing the way we approach this devastating disease.
- Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy has emerged as a game-changer in lung cancer treatment. With this novel strategy, cancer cells are targeted and eliminated by the body’s immune system. By stimulating the immune system, immunotherapy helps to enhance its ability to recognize and fight cancer cells specifically. This treatment option has shown remarkable success in improving survival rates and quality of life for patients with advanced lung cancer.
- Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy is another innovative treatment option that focuses on specific genetic mutations or alterations in cancer cells. By identifying these mutations, doctors can prescribe medications that directly target and inhibit the growth of cancer cells. This personalized approach has shown promising results, particularly in patients with specific gene mutations, such as EGFR or ALK, leading to improved outcomes and fewer side effects compared to traditional chemotherapy.
- Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA): Radiofrequency Ablation is a minimally invasive treatment option that involves using heat generated by radio waves to destroy cancer cells. This procedure is particularly effective for patients with small lung tumors or those who are unable to undergo surgery. RFA offers a less invasive alternative to surgery, with shorter recovery times and fewer complications, making it an attractive option for eligible patients.
- Photodynamic Therapy (PDT): Photodynamic Therapy is a cutting-edge treatment option that utilizes a combination of light-sensitive drugs and laser light to destroy cancer cells. The procedure involves injecting the light-sensitive drug into the patient’s bloodstream, which is when activated by laser light, selectively kills cancer cells. PDT is especially effective for early-stage lung cancer and offers a less invasive alternative to surgery or radiation therapy.
- Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT): Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy is a highly precise radiation treatment that delivers high doses of radiation to the tumor while minimizing exposure to healthy tissues. This innovative approach allows for shorter treatment courses, typically completed within a few weeks, and offers excellent outcomes, especially for patients with early-stage lung cancer or non-surgical candidates.
- Liquid Biopsy: Liquid biopsy is a non-invasive diagnostic tool that detects genetic mutations and other cancer-related alterations in the blood. This innovative technique enables doctors to monitor lung cancer progression and identify potential treatment options without the need for invasive procedures. Liquid biopsies offer a more convenient and less risky alternative to traditional tissue biopsies, providing valuable information for treatment decisions.
There are several options for lung cancer treatment cost in India, including the few mentioned above. Treatment plans in India are tailored to each patient’s specific needs and may involve a combination of these approaches. For advice on the best course of action, speak with a licensed healthcare practitioner.
The field of lung cancer treatment has witnessed remarkable advancements in recent years, providing patients with innovative and effective options. From immunotherapy and targeted therapy to minimally invasive procedures like RFA and PDT, these treatment options have transformed the landscape of lung cancer care. By leveraging these innovative approaches, we can offer hope and improved outcomes for lung cancer patients worldwide.